Posts Tagged ‘Gwynfor Evans’

R. Tudur Jones’ Christian Nationalism

March 9, 2009

R. Tudur JonesAfter the Second World War, the feeling that Welsh identity was in danger increased. For the Welsh Congregationalists this conviction exploded to the surface in the Undeb Ystradgynlais in 1950. The Undeb was the annual gathering of Welsh Congregational Churches who were members of the Union of Welsh Independents. The story is reported in the Tyst newspaper (the Tyst was and is the denomination’s weekly newspaper) in June 1950; this utopian report is in the June 15 edition:

The armies of Catholicism, Philistinism, materialism and totalitarianism are marching boldly and presumptuously. But among the principalities of the heavens, angels of ideals are at work. The country is waiting for the denomination’s unconditional declaration that it is on the side of the angels.

The following week, more flesh was put on the bones as the Tyst reported that the Reverend R.G. Davies had proposed that:

…in the face of the serious condition of the language in many of our churches, and also the constant threat to its prosperity in areas that are completely Welsh, this conference brings to the serious attention of the churches the appropriateness of establishing a branch of Welsh speakers in every church…

Promoting culture had been part of the denominations’ agenda for a long time, however Reverend Owen Williams’ next motion proved to be very controversial. He said:

That we the representatives of the Congregationalist Churches of Wales, firmly declare our conviction that we are acting according to God’s will in demanding self-government for Wales immediately.

Although it is not reported in Y Tyst, and although it should not surprise anyone, there are grounds for believing that Gwynfor Evans was partly responsible for the motion. The Congregationalists turned to R. Tudur Jones in 1952 in order to calm the storm of objections that rose against the Congregationalists’ stance on self-government for Wales. The pamphlet ‘The Congregationalists and self-government for Wales’ was published by Tudur Jones. In this publication, the young theologian makes his beliefs and convictions public to all.

Let us consider what Tudur Jones had to say about nationalism in this pamphlet. A key question that nationalists have to deal with is ‘why the nation?’ What is so special about the nation that measures need to be taken to protect and sustain it? First of all, Tudur Jones turned to Genesis 11, and the story of the Tower of Babel and the mixing of the languages and he argues that God destroys imperialism and places diversity as the order for the earth. He said: ‘Where men constructed uniformity, God demanded diversity.’ He said that uprooting the Welsh nation ‘…in the name of a kind of shallow internationalism’ repeated the crime of those who built the Tower of Babel. He is certain in his conviction that nations are part of God’s order and considers that his role, as a Christian, is to safeguard and protect God’s order to the extent that in 1972 he declared that promoting nationalism was ‘…one of the many ways of declaring the glory of the one who took us from darkness.’

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The principles of love and justice to the nations

February 27, 2009

R. Tudur JonesI’m giving a paper about my research in the department on Monday; I’ll be giving the paper in Welsh but many of the audience will be non-Welsh speakers so there will be translation available. The University’s translation department have translated the paper for me already which is great because for the first time ever I have got a few thousand words of my research available in English for those of you who don’t speak the language of heaven! Here is a few paragraphs to get us going.

‘The Bible has been let out to teach the principles of love and justice to the nations.’ These were the words of Michael D. Jones, one of the principals of Bala Congregationalist college, in 1887. It would be just as easy to imagine that they were the words of the last principal of the College, R. Tudur Jones, when it closed at the end of the 1980s. Like Michael D. Jones and several other radical nonconformists, R. Tudur Jones, or Dr. Tudur, was a Christian leader who wished to share his faith with a wider congregation and release it from the sphere of the private and the ecclesiastical.

Dr. Tudur was a historian, a theologian, a teacher, a minister, a journalist, a philosopher and a nationalist. He was a very important Christian figure in the history of twentieth century Wales. Despite the importance of Tudur Jones, not much has been published about him to date. I will try to contribute to the study by focusing on one aspect of this important character.

First of all on Monday, I aim to evaluate Tudur Jones’ Calvinist theology – but only briefly as I’m sure you’ll be glad to hear! Although the aim of the lecture is to study his political ideology, an understanding of his Calvinist theology is essential in order to understand his political ideology.

If we want to understand his mind and his political ideology we cannot ignore his theology. Both aspects are intrinsically interwoven. Secondly, I will discuss some of his political ideologies. I will discuss in detail his concept of the relationship of the Christian and the State and his concept of Christian Nationality. Thirdly, I will evaluate, without going into any great detail, his political influence on Wales – mainly through his role as one of Gwynfor Evans’ principal advisers.

If you’re in the Bangor area you are welcomed to join us on Monday. The research seminar, which is open to all, is held at the WISCA Seminar Room in the Main Arts Building at 2.15pm, Monday 2 March.